The oligotherapy is defined as the use, for therapeutic or preventive purposes, medicines or food supplements whose active ingredient is a trace element or a macronutrient used at low doses. She was the subject of much research in universities and laboratories around the world, is now recognized, and offers a valuable alternative or complement to traditional medicines.
Trace elements are minerals contained in small quantities in the body, as indicated by the Greek etymology of the term: oligos means "small, small". We distinguish between so-called trace elements "essential" that have a known physiological role of other trace elements, used only for their pharmacological role: it is for example the case of gold, which can enter into the composition of certain drugs the caregiver inflammatory rheumatic diseases. As for the macro, or so-called major elements, they constitute 99.5% of the weight of a man. Some of them, such as magnesium, are involved in many physiological functions and belong to traditional medicines. What makes the originality of their use in oligotherapy is their employment in low doses. Thus, magnesium, suggested at doses of 400 to 800 milligrams per day in conventional preparations, in oligotherapy occurs at much lower doses. It then emphasizes tolerance, optimized absorption and the search for a so-called "catalytic".
The essential trace elements
A definition of essential trace elements, primarily related to the physiological level, was given at the beginning of the century by French chemist and biologist Gabriel Bertrand: "(the) trace elements are present at less than 1 milligram per kilogram of body weight." Today the definition of essential trace elements, "essential trace element", places more emphasis on their necessary and indispensable: providing a trace element essential words must indeed remove its deficiency disorders induced. Minerals that meet this definition and are commonly used in oligotherapy are iron, copper, zinc, selenium, chromium, manganese and silicon. Others, such as nickel, tin, molybdenum or vanadium, are little or not used.
An optimization function
Given their central role for the proper functioning of the body, one can easily understand that a physiological status or precarious trace element deficiency may be the cause of more or less important problems. The oligotherapy is often correct this situation but sometimes optimize functions the trace element has a role. Thus, if in a deficient person, selenium intake may promote immune function, a person with normal selenium status may also benefit from supplementation: this is called pharmacological effect on optimization. The use of trace elements may thus be an adjunctive (additional), or a primary treatment in a number of cases. But it should be noted that if the use of trace elements measured, has little toxicity, it does not in any way medical care and possible use heavier therapeutic. While the use of micronutrients in the prevention or the treatment of recurrent infectious conditions is very beneficial, it can not substitute for antibiotics when the doctor considers it essential.

Last edited: 2015-12-07